Thanks God that a few days ago, adverse and cruel sanctions against Iran were removed. Most of the international sanctions have been lifted, and after years of restrictions now we have new opportunities ahead. However, this garden won’t bear fruit just in a day, but it will take place during years. Furthermore, it will have plenteous results in political, economic, technical, and commercial areas according to the complexity of each, though less or more, we need some years to witness their objective effects.
After the removal of sanctions, great opportunities will come forth for ICT just as the same it will be for other sectors. Also, removal of numerous problems resulted from the sanctions, will lead to impressive changes. Before mentioning the advantages of sanctions relief, we should point out that the restrictions on high technologies will still remain just as it was before. Hence, we should not optimistically believe that all the sanctions on advanced technologies will be removed.
When foreign boards of trade come to our country, President Rouhani declares three points about Iran after the removal of sanctions:
1. Foreign companies should not just think about selling their products and services, but they should transfer their technologies as well. This is an important issue and we hope that the related policies, government, and Islamic Consultative Assembly prevent Iran from becoming an importer country.
2. Any company which enters Iran must choose skillful, experienced and knowledgeable representatives. It means that, their representatives should not be just individual or familial dealers. In this way, if any of those companies left the country for any reason, their technologies could still remain and be used by our own experts.
3. Foreign companies should not treat Iran as a market with 80 million people but rather, they should consider the whole region with 300 million populations. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) can increase the potentials of the joint presence of Iranian and foreign companies in the region. In this way, we can create technical, engineering, and technological communities to conduct significant projects in the region.
Iran has accomplished many successful projects in infrastructure, hardware, software, communications, telecommunications, security and other fields of ICT, though there are many more to be done. It is believed that the value of underserved projects in Iran could be about $13 billion. It shows the great number of potential projects our country requires right now. Also, there are many more projects not directly related to ICT, though ICT plays a significant role in them. Infrastructural projects in transportation, oil, gas, petroleum, steel, cement, and even agriculture are some examples of this case. Without communication and telecommunication technologies, we cannot talk about new trends such as smart cities, smart country, and smart government.
Obviously, from now on, many projects will be accomplished by our own experts with the participation of foreign companies in international level. Instead of reinventing the wheel to accomplish gigantic projects like electronic government, we need companies who have completed the same projects in their own country and have lots of experience on them.
For instance, South Korea, Japan, some European countries as well as United States have deployed E-Government, M-Government, and Smart Government years before. Hence, we can benefit from their knowledge and expertise to accomplish the projects in less time and with more efficiency.
The removal of sanctions will allow us to easily export our products, or provide our products to the regional countries with the cooperation of international companies. At this point, it is necessary to emphasize the importance of copyright. Copyright which has not truly implemented in our country, should be seriously taken into account. When we invite international companies, we should ensure their products’ right. That’s the same for domestic players. For example, they should be assured that if they invest a considerable amount of money to produce software, illegal copies of their software will be prohibited.
And the final point; in recent years, most of professional courses were not taught in Iran. Therefore, a big number of attendees used to afford high costs to pass the courses abroad. But sometimes they were prohibited from attending the classes and taking tests because they had Iranian passport.
Considering the new conditions, now it is possible to hold the classes and give the tests within our country. As a consequence, Iranian attendees can receive the related certificates. This will improve our knowledge and facilitate its exchange. The immediate result of expert tutorials is evolution in job market which is beneficial specially for graduates and students.